Cities of God The Real Story of How Christianity Became an Urban Movement and Conuered Rome (Read) AUTHOR Rodney Stark

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Cities of God The Real Story of How Christianity Became an Urban Movement and Conuered Rome Free download Ñ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free An Empire to discover the following facts that set conventional history on its headContrary to fictions such as The Da Vinci Code and the claims of some prominent scholars Gnosticism was not a sophisticated authentic form of Christianity but really an unsuccessful effort to paganize ChristianityPaul was called the apostle to the Gentiles but mostly he converted JewsPaganism was not rapidly stamped out by state repression following the vision and conversion of the Roman Emperor Constantine in 312 AD but gradually disappeared as people abandoned the temples in response to the superior appeal of ChristianityThe oriental faiths such as thos. A sociologist Dr Stark uses an approach to history in this book that I have never seen before He uses statistical analysis of available data to validate hypotheses about the growth and spread of Christianity Further he starts with no brainer hypotheses about which there is little disagreement to demonstrate confidence in his approach and then moves on to controversial issues So while he starts out with hypotheses regarding city size and the timing of the existence of a church in a city he moves on to geographical considerations such as proximity to Jerusalem or whether the city is a port Finally he compares the locations of heretical movements gnostic variants Montanists etc relative to the locations of orthodox congregations to assess whether these heretical groups represented early diversity within the church or represented separate movements entirelyDr Stark s initial thesis that churches tended to get an early start in large cities isn t just backed by the data it is a no brainer Because that is where the people are missionary evangelists would tend to focus their efforts there Further the larger the population the likely it is that fringe groups like the early church would fit within the diversity of the population a dynamic that is less likely villages and rural areas which tend to hold to traditional values much longer Interestingly enough this fringe group dynamic is exactly why when I was in the Navy years ago I reuested assignment to an aircraft carrier I was with a small denomination and realized that I was likely to encounter fellow members on a larger ship rather than on a cruiser or submarine As it was the denomination had a few members within the crew and air wing and we held Sunday morning and Wednesday evening services at sea with a typical attendance of five men fairly evenly split between the two major sects of that denomination So I get Dr Stark s thesisI found the port thesis was intriguing though because I remember discussions in church about how the fullness of time included the Roman roads to facilitate missionary efforts On the contrary Dr Stark asks Have you actually seen a Roman road He then proceeds to describe them and how they actually operated before making the point that a major means of commerce within the Roman empire was coast hugging ships This is attested by the large number of ancient shipwrecks found in the Mediterranean Further while Paul s missionary journeys featured significant overland travel they all featured substantial time at sea Further 2 Corinthians 1025 documents three shipwrecks he had endured and Acts 27 actually describes a shipwreck that took place during his trip to Rome as a prisoner at least a decade after he wrote 2 Corinthians So Paul suffered a minimum of four shipwrecks as a Christian missionary The bottom line is that because ships were a major source of commerce and transportation early Christian missionaries traveled through ports all the time as a result churches were founded very early in the port cities as attested by available historical data available to Dr StarkEver since Walter Bauer s thesis that early Christianity featured many forms and that orthodoxy was the variant that won out and wrote the history there has been a lively ongoing scholarly debate regarding the nature of the early church with Bart Ehrman being the most prominent current proponent of the Bauer thesis By conseuence Dr Stark gives consideration to various heretical movements Marcionism was an attempt to expunge Christianity of Jewish influence that disregarded the Old Testament and rewrote Luke and the Pauline epistles to eliminate any Jewish references Speculating that this was a symptom of rising Christian Jewish conflict Dr Stark verifies that Marcionite congregations tended to be located in cities with Jewish Diaspora communities while not correlating with other parameters such as city size port status etc Valentinianism was a variant of Gnosticism Dr Stark identified that Valentinian congregations were overwhelmingly located in cities with heretical schools and also tended to be in the larger cities However they didn t statistically correlate with other factors such as ports Marcionite congregations Diaspora communities or Christianization Montanism was heresy known for its charismatic tendencies To validate the scholarly thesis that it is not Gnostic Dr Stark verified that Montanists congregations were no likely to be in a city with a heretical school than a city without one He also noted that such congregations didn t correlate with Christianization or Diaspora communities either Manachaeism was a highly developed Gnostic sect with some bizarre teachings I found Dr Stark s description to be absolutely entertaining Like Valentinianism Manichaeist congregations tended to be located in cities with heretical schools as well as in larger cities There was no correlation with Diaspora communities and ChristianizationBecause Dr Stark found no correlation between Valintinian Montanist and Manichaeist congregations and Christianization he concludes that they were never part of the Christian mainstream The heretical sect that comes closest to validating the Bauer thesis is Marcionism which by attempting to form its own canon prompted the church to formalize what we now know as the New Testament canonOne weakness of the book pertains to its tables of statistical data While tables are cited in the body of the book eg Table 6 1 in chapter 6 they are all located in the Statistical Appendix I think the book would probably be readable if the tables were located in the chapter where cited Regardless I found Dr Stark s approach to be an intriguing method of challenging the Bauer thesis I have read other books that use different methods to come to similar conclusions Dangerous Melody Treasure Seekers #2 years ago I reuested assignment to an aircraft carrier I was with a small denomination and realized that I was likely to encounter fellow members on a larger ship rather than on a cruiser or submarine As it was the denomination had a few members within the crew and air wing and we held Sunday morning and Wednesday evening services at sea with a typical attendance of five men fairly evenly split between the two major sects of that denomination So I get Dr Stark s thesisI found the port thesis was intriguing though because I remember discussions in church about how the fullness of time included the Roman roads to facilitate missionary efforts On the contrary Dr Stark asks Have Devoted to Drew you actually seen a Roman road He then proceeds to describe them and how they actually operated before making the point that a major means of commerce within the Roman empire was coast hugging ships This is attested by the large number of ancient shipwrecks found in the Mediterranean Further while Paul s missionary journeys featured significant overland travel they all featured substantial time at sea Further 2 Corinthians 1025 documents three shipwrecks he had endured and Acts 27 actually describes a shipwreck that took place during his trip to Rome as a prisoner at least a decade after he wrote 2 Corinthians So Paul suffered a minimum of four shipwrecks as a Christian missionary The bottom line is that because ships were a major source of commerce and transportation early Christian missionaries traveled through ports all the time as a result churches were founded very early in the port cities as attested by available historical data available to Dr StarkEver since Walter Bauer s thesis that early Christianity featured many forms and that orthodoxy was the variant that won out and wrote the history there has been a lively ongoing scholarly debate regarding the nature of the early church with Bart Ehrman being the most prominent current proponent of the Bauer thesis By conseuence Dr Stark gives consideration to various heretical movements Marcionism was an attempt to expunge Christianity of Jewish influence that disregarded the Old Testament and rewrote Luke and the Pauline epistles to eliminate any Jewish references Speculating that this was a symptom of rising Christian Jewish conflict Dr Stark verifies that Marcionite congregations tended to be located in cities with Jewish Diaspora communities while not correlating with other parameters such as city size port status etc Valentinianism was a variant of Gnosticism Dr Stark identified that Valentinian congregations were overwhelmingly located in cities with heretical schools and also tended to be in the larger cities However they didn t statistically correlate with other factors such as ports Marcionite congregations Diaspora communities or Christianization Montanism was heresy known for its charismatic tendencies To validate the scholarly thesis that it is not Gnostic Dr Stark verified that Montanists congregations were no likely to be in a city with a heretical school than a city without one He also noted that such congregations didn t correlate with Christianization or Diaspora communities either Manachaeism was a highly developed Gnostic sect with some bizarre teachings I found Dr Stark s description to be absolutely entertaining Like Valentinianism Manichaeist congregations tended to be located in cities with heretical schools as well as in larger cities There was no correlation with Diaspora communities and ChristianizationBecause Dr Stark found no correlation between Valintinian Montanist and Manichaeist congregations and Christianization he concludes that they were never part of the Christian mainstream The heretical sect that comes closest to validating the Bauer thesis is Marcionism which by attempting to form its own canon prompted the church to formalize what we now know as the New Testament canonOne weakness of the book pertains to its tables of statistical data While tables are cited in the body of the book eg Table 6 1 in chapter 6 they are all located in the Statistical Appendix I think the book would probably be readable if the tables were located in the chapter where cited Regardless I found Dr Stark s approach to be an intriguing method of challenging the Bauer thesis I have read other books that use different methods to come to similar conclusions

Read Cities of God The Real Story of How Christianity Became an Urban Movement and Conuered RomeCities of God The Real Story of How Christianity Became an Urban Movement and Conuered Rome

Cities of God The Real Story of How Christianity Became an Urban Movement and Conuered Rome Free download Ñ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free E devoted to Isis the Egyptian goddess of love and magic and to Cybele the fertility goddess of Asia Minor actually prepared the way for the rapid spread of Christianity across the Roman EmpireContrary to generations of historians the Roman mystery cult of Mithraism posed no challenge to Christianity to become the new faith of the empire it allowed no female members and attracted only soldiersBy analyzing concrete data Stark is able to challenge the conventional wisdom about early Christianity offering the clearest picture ever of how this religion grew from its humble beginnings into the faith of than one third of the earth's populati. This was uite a bit technical and polemic than I was expecting which is not necessarily a bad thing but is certainly an interesting combination the reader should know aboutFirst Stark devotes a significant portion of the book to methodology even explaining statistical regression and how it applies to historical research Some will find this helpful others will be bored out of their minds If you are expecting historical cultural background then be warned though some of that is definitely present Stark is interested in providing hard uantitative data even while acknowledging the difficulties of applying it to history This all does well to buffer his conclusions but the reader should know that some technical writing is aheadSecond the polemicsthis is where I could imagine many being turned off Stark clearly has a bone to pick with popular historical theories and leftist academic orthodoxy and he does not try to hide his disgust Even as someone who is largely in agreement with him I found the tone to be a bit grating so know this going inAll that said I am glad Stark is writing at a mostly popular level with this stuff His arguments are both compelling and convincing and certainly enriched my own understanding of the first generations of Christians the cultural setting in which the faith was born the activities of the first apostles and why the faith may have taken root the way it did His data on heretical movements is also extremely rich and sheds a lot of light on pop conspiracy theories about the Gnostics and the early churchSo if you are interested in history particularly the early church and can stomach some hard data methodology and a polemical tone then this is an easy recommendation Let Sleeping Dogs Lie you are expecting historical cultural background then be warned though some of that is definitely present Stark is interested in providing hard uantitative data even while acknowledging the difficulties of applying it to history This all does well to buffer his conclusions but the reader should know that some technical writing is aheadSecond the polemicsthis is where I could imagine many being turned off Stark clearly has a bone to pick with popular historical theories and leftist academic orthodoxy and he does not try to hide his disgust Even as someone who is largely in agreement with him I found the tone to be a bit grating so know this going inAll that said I am glad Stark is writing at a mostly popular level with this stuff His arguments are both compelling and convincing and certainly enriched my own understanding of the first generations of Christians the cultural setting in which the faith was born the activities of the first apostles and why the faith may have taken root the way it did His data on heretical movements is also extremely rich and sheds a lot of light on pop conspiracy theories about the Gnostics and the early churchSo if Secret Agent MinisterDeadly Texas Rose you are interested in history particularly the early church and can stomach some hard data methodology and a polemical tone then this is an easy recommendation

Read & Download Ë PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free à Rodney Stark

Cities of God The Real Story of How Christianity Became an Urban Movement and Conuered Rome Free download Ñ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free How did the preaching of a peasant carpenter from Galilee spark a movement that would grow to include over two billion followers Who listened to this good news and who ignored it Where did Christianity spread and how Based on uantitative data and the latest scholarship preeminent scholar and journalist Rodney Stark presents new and startling information about the rise of the early church overturning many prevailing views of how Christianity grew through time to become the largest religion in the worldDrawing on both archaeological and historical evidence Stark is able to provide hard statistical evidence on the religious life of the Rom. A brilliant and elegant refuation of many of the most prevelant theories surrounding the nature and origin of Christianity Why are members of non Abrahamic religions called pagans How did Christianity become an imperial power Why did the elite and the intelligentsia engage in Christian exegesis All explored herein

  • Hardcover
  • 288
  • Cities of God The Real Story of How Christianity Became an Urban Movement and Conuered Rome
  • Rodney Stark
  • English
  • 17 February 2019
  • 9780060858421