[free Summary] The Road to Unfreedom by Timothy Snyder


  • Hardcover
  • 359
  • The Road to Unfreedom
  • Timothy Snyder
  • English
  • 08 August 2019
  • 9780525574460

Timothy Snyder Ç 5 Free read

Free read The Road to Unfreedom ë PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Timothy Snyder Ç 5 Free read Read & Download The Road to Unfreedom As nationalism inflames Europe abetted by Russian propaganda and cyberwarfare While countries like Poland and Hungary have made hard turns towards authoritarianism the electoral upsets of 2016 revealed the citizens of the US and UK in revolt against their countries' longstanding policies and valuesBut this threat to the West also presents an opportunity to better understand the pillars of our own This book puts together a story we have only had hints at behind events like Brexit and Trump s election It starts with the neofascist ideology that Putin and the Russian oligarchs have adopted it centers around the ideas of a Russian exile and fascist named Ilyin and has morphed into Russian grand strategy to destroy the west The book is a lightning rod which shows a blow by blow account of the Russian attempts to export their authoritarian vision to other countries by using cyber warfare and allying with far right groups in Europe and America to sow division and chaos and bring down their perceived enemies in the west The Russians have incorporated a sinister protofascist ideology and hope to spread it Brexit and Trump were its fruits Must read Here is the author talking about his book

Read Ý PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ç Timothy SnyderThe Road to Unfreedom

Free read The Road to Unfreedom ë PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Timothy Snyder Ç 5 Free read Read & Download The Road to Unfreedom Political order In this forceful and unsparing work of contemporary history Snyder goes beyond the headlines to expose the true nature of the threat to democracy By showcasing the stark choices before us between euality or oligarchy individuality or totality truth and falsehood Snyder restores our understanding of the basis of our way of life offering a way forward in a time of terrible uncertain This is a very focused investigation centered solely on Russia s recent history since the fall of the Berlin Wall it s becoming a pure Oligarchy or rather a Kleptocracy What s we get some rather startling and almost unbelievable details into the nature of Putin s aimLet me be clear end aim is very clear He s stated it about a million times He s so confident in his power and methods that I can t see any truly viable method to stop him And so he is open and honest about just how many lies he can get away withWhat s unbelievable is how he s been able to revise history on such a massive scale as to make Stalin a hero rewrite his involvement in WW2 drastically or taking a relatively obscure philosopher who was a contemporary of Lenin and elegize him to the point of near godhood projecting his text as the grand narrative of Putin s Russia Literally He s had the book printed everywhere talked about everywhere and it all boils down to some CRAZY St Like the unfettered belief that the leader is the soul of the nation and that nations are always innocent Harm can be done to Russia but it will always remain innocent There can be no double standards if there are no standards Facts are for other people Use facts as weapons against those who rely on them but never be fettered by them Trust the leader who will always steer you right People in Russia may not believe this st but remember every media source will be spouting it Anyone who has ties to America or Europe are immediately branded enemy collaborators All the western countries are ruled by the Homosexual Agenda and Russia must never fall before themThis is just a taste of the reality under Putin He is a master at reality control After the devastation of the 90 s when practically all otherwise well off USSR populace was cashed in and the full reserves of the government power and wealth was transferred to a handful of men it was absurdly easy to lock down everything Putin has an amazing amount of combatant hackers at his disposal Full media control Banking And of course the military Remember when the Ukraine was urged to give up over a thousand nuclear missiles in 2010 And then Putin invaded them annexed them and completely rewrote history about 5 times in order to justify everything about it in 2012 You know like things saying there is no such thing as Ukraine Or there is no Ukraine language It has always been Russia This book has an amazing wealth of information in it Don t take my word for it It ll shock youLet me steal this from another review of this book and btw thank youMethods of control Constant reference to a past era of greatness Hyperfocus on enemies who are enemies because of who they are and not what they do A profound belief in a zero sum or a negative sum world Willingness to hurt oneself if in doing so you can hurt someone else The manufacture of crises and conflicts where none exist in order to control the news cycle Constant labeling of information sources as fake in an effort to delegitimize any source of truth Repetition of blatant easily verifiable lies with no evidence to back them up other than the fact of the assertionHis stated goal is to always keep Europe and America as eternal enemies a la Eurasia in Orwell s 1984 That means always being on an antagonistic footing flooding his population with propaganda and just plain telling any kind of lies he likes so long as he gets the results he wants There is no need for any kind of verifiability He is an Eternal Leader who is Always Innocent and he does NOT need Facts He just needs to control every narrative And he doesThe next part of this book is just plain scary We ve heard all about Russia s supposed involvement with Trump We ve heard both sides make a lot of noise and get nowhere because the signal to noise ratio is absolutely atrocious hereWhen investigative journalism ACTUALLY does its job however a lot of truly damming facts come to light You know those pesky little things that Putin cares crap overRussian hackers fully bankrolled by Putin s media empire is attacking America This statement isn t just some silly conflation He s on record of saying it and there are MANY records proving it Millions of fake facebook accounts with targeted marketing to tight demographics pandering to prejudices and conspiracy theories fake movements all across the internet including millions of tweets by bots trying to influence the political debates Successfully I might add Many attempts were also made on the voting machines Note the direction almost every convenient leak came from during the election cycles The republican party knew about Trump s many economic connections to Putin including a Trump Tower with MANY rooms bought by placeholder corporations whose paperwork all led back to Russia many new real estate deals The official line was to hush it up Fire officials that tried to investigate it And all the while overwhelming hacker support flowed toward Trump Let s not forget Trump and Putin s long standing friendship They re both fictional characters after all telling many interesting narratives read lies that don t need any factual basis They just need to be plausible for the moment until the power base can be firmed upPlease refer to the list of power grabbing methods Does anyone else see a similarity between Russia and AmericaIt s almost like all the super rich looters are playing by the exact same handbook The goal is to get rich at everyone else s expense If you don t make the 1% bracket you re nothing Just watch for the new grabsLook I said it was nearly unbelievable But I unlike radical revisionist leaders actually LIKE facts If this book tells me anything at all it s to look beyond the noise We can all be so involved in our little crazy lives so much that we fail to see the big picture That goes for politics too What happens when we realize that a MASSIVE concerted effort to game America s political system actually SUCCEEDSOh nothing We re still bickering between blues and reds Of course since we do most of that online it s actually absurdly easy to focus all of one s resources on this choke point Russia has a veritable army of hackers fanning the flames of all lefts and all rights stirring up racial prejudices sexist prejudices and any other conflict they can dream up And we buy it Hell most of all these events might be pure fabrication but none of us seem to be doing ANYTHING to confirm or deny them Certainly not our media They re too busy running ideological platforms themselves See how easy it is to sow SO MUCH confusion and chaos on your enemy And the best thing is WE LAP IT UP use it all as proof we are right yet againWhere are our antibodies Where is the strong Press that digs up all this crap and shows it for what it isOh wait that s what this book is trying to be

Read & Download The Road to Unfreedom

Free read The Road to Unfreedom ë PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Timothy Snyder Ç 5 Free read Read & Download The Road to Unfreedom With the end of the Cold War the victory of liberal democracy was thought to be absolute Observers declared the end of history confident in a peaceful globalized future But we now know this to be premature Authoritarianism first returned in Russia as Putin developed a political system dedicated solely to the consolidation and exercise of power In the last six years it has creeped from east to west The Road to Unfreedom was not the book I was expecting it to be which is not necessarily a problem since the thing it was is at least as good as the thing I thought it would be What I was expecting was a sort of parallel history study of Russia the European Union and the United States showing how various global trends have influenced each of these entities in similar ways What I got was a very learned history of Modern Russia under Vladimir Putin and an clear explanation of how he has influenced both Europe and the United States for his own political endsThe book is part theory and part journalism and the theory is important to understanding the journalism The basic theoretical narrative that Snyder offers goes something like this the two major dysfunctions in a society are the politics of inevitability and the politics of eternity The politics of inevitable are fueled by wrongful optimism the belief that history is guaranteed to take a certain direction so there is no need to worry about anything Classical Marxism is a manifestation of the politics of inevitability because it sees history as inevitably ending up with a socialist revolution and the overthrow of capitalism A similar politics of inevitability saturated America after the end of the Cold War as neoconservatives touted the end of history or the belief that free market capitalism and liberal democracy remained the only viable ideology in the worldThe politics of inevitability is pretty straightforward The politics of eternity is harder to understand partly I think because Snyder s terminology doesn t really work here What he means is something like politics unmoored from history Where the politics of inevitability are driven by hope the politics of eternity are driven by despair In this phase leaders portray their nation as a uniuely moral entity that has been historically misunderstood and besieged by enemies It looks to the past for challenges and then presents those past challenges as present realities And it presents the problems to be solved as so great that no government could ever solve them All that a leader can do is protect the country from its eternal threats and preserve its eternal righteousness Fascism is perhaps the clearest example of a form of government based on the politics of eternityThe politics of eternity reuires not only the suspension of historical understanding but a suspension of truth It cannot exist in a world of verifiable facts that motivate actions so it must go to great lengths to separate the people from the facts This means authoritarian suppression of speech of course but it also means massive propaganda But the propaganda is not so much aimed at convincing people to believe that a lie is true as it is aimed at convincing people that NOTHING is true so they might as well believe whatever is most convenient The propagandists of this kind of state as their most basic mode of communication work to undermine people s belief in facts When this is gone then the state assumes the right to declare what is true and the leader lies with impunity simply to force other people to become complicit in the charadeIn different ways the politics of inevitability and the politics of eternity both bolster the authoritarian state because they both relieve people of any responsibility for the futureWhereas inevitability promises a better future for everyone eternity places one nation at the center of a cyclical story of victimhood Time is no longer a line into the future but a circle that endlessly returns the same threats from the past Within inevitability no one is responsible because we all know that the details will sort themselves out for the better within eternity no one is responsible because we all know that the enemy is coming no matter what we do Eternity politicians spread the conviction that government cannot aid society as a whole but can only guard against threats 8With this theoretical model in place Snyder spends several chapters showing how Russia under Putin has moved from inevitability to eternity A lot of this is fairly dense intellectual history as the professor shows how the clearly fascist World War II era ideas of Ivan Ilyin were rehabilitated by Putin and other Russian elite He goes through a series of pro fascist Russian intellectuals that produced the intellectual environment for Putin s stateWhat comes through very clearly here is that Putin is a fascist Full stop That he has not been uiet about that in his speeches and writings in Russia He has openly uoted acknowledged fascist writers and promoted them to highly visible positions He has labeled America and Western Europe decadent enemies to Russia driven by a mad compulsion to homosexualize the world by forcing everybody to allow gay marriage This is apparently the most important issue in Putin s internal politics Putin has manipulated elections his own and others and suppressed any kind of democratic freedom Any gestures of friendship that he makes to America or Europe must be understood in this context he has pledged to his home audience that he will destroy usHere Snyder brings in another theoretical concept but a very easy one to understand He calls it strategic relativism which means in his words Russia cannot become stronger so it must make others weaker The simplest way to make others weaker is to make them like Russia This principle Snyder argues has driven Russia s policy towards the West since around 2008 The two primary targets have been the European Union and the United States A part of this strategy was the invasion of Ukraine in 2014 This was done because Russia s own geopolitical ambitions call for the creation of a Eurasian state that balances the EU But it was also done because Ukraine was getting too close to Europe and Putin wanted to deprive the EU and Ukraine from each other The invasion of Ukraine was only a modest success if even that as a military exercise But it was a triumph of propaganda as Russia figured out how to manipulate world opinion through bald faced lies Twitter and FacebookAnd this is the new front of the assault on both the EU and the US The Russians have figured out how to exploit democracy s design flaws by flooding social media channels with misinformation and by cultivating Westerners through huge capital transfers and overt blackmail Brexit was one example of this Donald Trump is another Both Snyder argues could not have been possible without RussiaAll of this leads up to a final chapter that is as devastating an indictment of Donald Trump as we are likely to get until the Mueller investigation comes to light Trump he shows has been groomed by the Russians for years starting in the 1990s when he was deep in debt and unable to pay his bills The Russians transferred huge amounts of money to him through unsecured loans and purchases of real estate at wildly inflated prices Trump s first campaign manager Paul Manafort made millions advising Russians and pro Russian Ukranians on political strategies and nearly every member of Trump s inner circle during the campaign had extensive contact with Russian agentsSo this is not just a few post on social media Russia created a fictional character that Snyder calls Donald Trump successful businessman It capitalized a basically bankrupt real estate developer and then started selling him to the world as a politician This does not necessarily mean that Trump himself collaborated with the Russians Snyder is careful to note that It is just as likely that he is a useful tool whose ambition and ignorance made him a perfect fit for Russian intdeligierests But there is no doubt whatsoever that pretty much everything Trump has done since becoming president is exactly what Putin and Russia wanted to happenAnd Trump has governed according to Putin s playbook which is what Snyder calls the politics of eternity Elements of this kind of politics include Constant reference to a past era of greatness Hyperfocus on enemies who are enemies because of who they are and not what they do A profound belief in a zero sum or a negative sum world Willingness to hurt oneself if in doing so you can hurt someone else The manufacture of crises and conflicts where none exist in order to control the news cycle Constant labeling of information sources as fake in an effort to delegitimize any source of truth Repetition of blatant easily verifiable lies with no evidence to back them up other than the fact of the assertionThe end game here and there is an end game is that Americans become so distrustful of the rule of law and the political system that they no longer believe that anything they do will matter It does not matter to Putin if Trump is shown to be a corrupt bumbling liar What he wants us to believe is that everybody is a corrupt bumbling liar so one is just as good as another And if we get there we will be as miserable as the people in Russia are and Putin will have won by making us just like him Without increasing Russia s actual power he will have increased Russia s relative power by decreasing oursOr we could you know do something else