Ebook [Towards the Flame Empire War and the End of Tsarist Russia Dominic Lieven] zambia

Read Ö eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ↠ Dominic Lieven

Towards the Flame Empire War and the End of Tsarist Russia

Towards the Flame Empire War and the End of Tsarist Russia Review ☆ 8 The Russian decision to mobilize in July 1914 may have been the single most catastrophic choice of the modern era Some articulate thoughtful figures around the Tsar understood Russia's fragility and yet they were shouted down by those who were convinced that despite Germany's patent military superior. I conceived and wrote this book partly while contemplating the world from my home halfway up a mountain in Japan from the AfterwardAfter reading The Russian Empire and Its Rivals and Russia Against Napoleon I came to anticipate in any Lieven work judiciously generalized aphorisms on power and decline In The End of Tsarist Russia I wasn t disappointed As he begins narration of the July 1914 crisis Lieven laments that the Russian and Austrian elites lacked sufficient awareness of many common traits and problems and not least a common vulnerability to nationalism though he shrugs even had the two empires come to see their shared interests and threats this might well not have been enough to avert the mutually suicidal spiral into war revolution unfettered irredentism and genocide into that chaos in which the common people do not know who to obey to paraphrase Pushkin A cynic might argue Lieven sums up that empires are tigers and tigers do not necessarily cooperate even when their species faces extinction Such remarks abound in what Lieven calls his God s eye analysis of long term structural forces like geopolitics and globalization forces he says no Russian monarch let alone one with the weaknesses of Nicholas II could have controlled His other levels of analysis he calls the intermediate taking in the institutions and systems that determined who made decisions in Tsarist Russia and the worm s narrative the story of what the decision makers thought and said This worm s narrative is deepened by Lieven s years of work in Russian diplomatic and military archives Two decision makers struck me Petr Durnovo 1845 1915 was the minister of Internal Affairs who played a key role in crushing the 1905 revolution In 1914 he was a leader in the upper house of the State Council a position gained after an amusing disgraceFor all his current eminence Durnovo had never entirely shed the shady reputation he had acuired from a decade s service as head of Russia s police forces Secret policemen seldom have the cleanest of hands though by the standards of his twentieth century successors Durnovo was a lamb His career as director of the Police Department had come to a spectacular end when he used his agents to purloin letters of his mistress from the home of a foreign diplomat a competitor for her affections The story reached Alexander III who was enraged Gogol could have written a fine comedy about the tsar s decision to boot his miscreant police chief into the Senate the body responsible for upholding the rule of law in the Russian EmpireThough at first glance a Gogolian grotesue and aren t we all Durnovo wrote for Nicholas II a famous memorandum on the conseuences for Russia of a long European war that Lieven calls a brilliant work one whose clarity insight and accuracy of prediction are unrivaled by any other document written from within the ruling elite in these years His predictions Exhaustion financial chaos the delegitimization and demise of tsarism leading to anarchy followed by some version of extreme revolutionary socialism And Durnovo predicted this would happen even if Russia wonNikolai Maklakov 1871 1918 was another Minister of Internal Affairs and reactionary secret police type who had a fine sense of tsarism s fragility and the dangers of war Lieven s last image of Maklakov is haunting When General Serge Dobrorolsky visited Maklakov on July 29 to collect his signature on the orders for mobilization he found the minister in his office which contained so many icons that it appeared like a chapel than a government bureau Maklakov spoke to Dobrorolsky about how greatly the revolutionaries would welcome war adding that in Russia war cannot be popular with the mass of the people and revolutionary ideas are dearer to the masses than a victory over Germany But one cannot escape one s fate Maklakov was one of the first Tsarist officials the Bolsheviks put against a wall

Review Towards the Flame Empire War and the End of Tsarist Russia

Towards the Flame Empire War and the End of Tsarist Russia Review ☆ 8 Ity Russian greatness reuired decisive action Russia's rulers thought they were acting to secure their future but in fact after millions of deaths and two revolutions they were consigning their entire class to death or exile and their country to a uniuely terrible generations long experiment under a. Can t say it wasn t well researched but this worm s eye account of intragovernmental and diplomatic minutia was endlessly dull I kept waiting for the narrative to kick in but this was just a 300 page Wikipedia article

Read Ö eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ↠ Dominic Lieven

Towards the Flame Empire War and the End of Tsarist Russia Review ☆ 8 Very different regimeDominic Lieven is a Senior Research Fellow of Trinity CollegeCambridge University and a Fellow of the British Academy His book Russia Against Napoleon Penguin won the Wolfson Prize for History and the Prize of the Fondation Napoleon for the best foreign work on the Napoleonic era. Just a bit too much detail for me so I got bored with it

  • Hardcover
  • 448
  • Towards the Flame Empire War and the End of Tsarist Russia
  • Dominic Lieven
  • English
  • 01 January 2017
  • 9781846143816